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Table 2 Baseline vital sign, Laboratory markers related variables and comparison between Symptomatic Vs Asymptomatic patients (n = 730)

From: Factors associated with development of symptomatic disease in Ethiopian COVID-19 patients: a case-control study

Variable Asymptomatic (Mean ± SD) Symptomatic (Mean ± SD) P-value
Vital sign
 Temperature (°C) 37.6 (18.1) 37.2 (16.8) 0.676
 Heart rate (Beats/min) 93.8 (15.7) 97.3 (16.3) 0.187
 Respiratory rate (RR/min) 19.7 (9.3) 23.2 (7.3) 0.0001*
 SBP (mmHg) 132.2 (19.9) 129.9 (21.4) 0.605
 DBP (mmHg) 81.9 (12.2) 79.6 (12.5) 0.631
 Spo2 (%) 95.8 (1.6) 93.7 (4.5) 0.0001*
Complete blood count
 Hemoglobin (mg/dl) 14.8 (1.6) 15.0 (1.9) 0.764
 White blood cell count (Cells/L) 7.3 (2.7) 26.2 (2.82) 0.538
 Neutrophil % (%) 51.0 (24.2) 78.3 (16.8) 0.011*
 Lymphocyte % (%) 24.5 (9.4) 12.0 (9.9) 0.371
Renal function test
 Urea (mg/dl) 23.2 (10.9) 35.7 (28.4) 0.182
 Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.43 (0.8) 1.21 (0.8) 0.740
Liver function test
 Asparatate transaminase (IU/L) 77.8 (17.7) 44.9 (4.3) 0.0001*
 Alanine transaminase (IU/L) 21.1 (13.1) 49.4 (5.1) 0.07
 Alkaline phosphatase (IU/L) 74.8 (23.9) 89.0 (66.4) 0.290
Electrolyte
 Sodium (mEq/L) 139.8 (2.7) 142.7 (65.4) 0.599
 Potassium (mEq/L) 4.6 (0.6) 4.3 (0.8) 0.489
  1. *Statistically significant