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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of patients with NTM pulmonary disease who required unscheduled hospitalization

From: Factors affecting in-hospital mortality of non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease

  Total (%) Death (%) P-value
n = 16,192 n = 3166
Sex      < 0.001
 Male 6283 (38.8) 1543 (48.7)  
 Female 9909 (61.2) 1623 (51.3)  
Age, years      < 0.001
  < 70 3400 (21.0) 455 (14.4)  
 70–79 5374 (33.2) 1035 (32.7)  
  ≥ 80 7418 (45.8) 1676 (52.9)  
BMI, kg/m2      < 0.001
  < 15.0 2858 (17.7) 910 (28.7)  
 15.0–15.9 1627 (10.0) 371 (11.7)  
 16.0–16.9 1714 (10.6) 297 (9.4)  
 17.0–18.4 2533 (15.6) 365 (11.5)  
 18.5–24.9 5036 (31.1) 568 (17.9)  
  ≥ 25.0 476 (2.9) 44 (1.4)  
 Missing data 1948 (12.0) 611 (19.3)  
Activities of daily living, Barthel index      < 0.001
 100 5137 (31.7) 354 (11.2)  
 75–95 1553 (9.6) 159 (5.0)  
 50–70 1921 (11.9) 336 (10.6)  
 25–45 1225 (7.6) 296 (9.3)  
 0–20 3818 (23.6) 1426 (45.0)  
 Missing data 2538 (15.7) 595 (18.8)  
Smoking history      < 0.001
 No 11,373 (70.2) 2083 (65.8)  
 Yes 3167 (19.6) 668 (21.1)  
 Missing data 1652 (10.2) 415 (13.1)  
Symptom      
 Hemoptysis 2996 (18.5) 528 (16.7) 0.003
Comorbidity
 Pulmonary disease      
  Pulmonary infection 8225 (50.8) 2024 (63.9) < 0.001
  Pulmonary aspergillosis 874 (5.4) 261 (8.2) < 0.001
  COPD 1527 (9.4) 362 (11.4) < 0.001
  Bronchial asthma 1158 (7.2) 181 (5.7) < 0.001
  Interstitial lung disease 1171 (7.2) 384 (12.1) < 0.001
  Pneumothorax 730 (4.5) 183 (5.8) < 0.001
 Non-pulmonary disease
 Congestive heart failure 2279 (14.1) 650 (20.5) < 0.001
 Ischemic heart disease 1123 (6.9) 184 (5.8) 0.006
 Cerebrovascular disease 1248 (7.7) 243 (7.7) 0.94
 Renal disease 853 (5.3) 218 (6.9) < 0.001
 Autoimmune disease 1225 (7.6) 198 (6.3) 0.002
 Diabetes mellitus 2289 (14.1) 460 (14.5) 0.48
 Bone fracture 831 (5.1) 114 (3.6) < 0.001
 Malignant disease
 Lung cancer 532 (3.3) 176 (5.6) < 0.001
 Hematological malignancy 234 (1.4) 71 (2.2) < 0.001
 Other malignant disease 1058 (6.5) 231 (7.3) 0.053