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Table 1 Characteristics of people living with HIV on ART at enrollment by HIV support group attendance

From: Assessing the impact of HIV support groups on antiretroviral therapy adherence and viral suppression in the African cohort study

Characteristics All participants (n = 1959) Did not attend support group (n = 1639) Attended support group (n = 320) *p-value
Study site     < 0.001
 Kayunga, Uganda 218 (11.1%) 176 (10.7%) 42 (13.1%)  
 South Rift Valley, Kenya 782 (39.9%) 625 (38.1%) 157 (49.1%)  
 Kisumu West, Kenya 391 (20.0%) 354 (21.6%) 37 (11.6%)  
 Mbeya, Tanzania 370 (18.9%) 323 (19.7%) 47 (14.7%)  
 Abuja & Lagos Nigeria 198 (10.1%) 161 (9.8%) 37 (11.6%)  
Age (years)     < 0.01
 18–29 334 (17.0%) 289 (17.6%) 45 (14.1%)  
 30–39 637 (32.5%) 550 (33.6%) 87 (27.2%)  
 40–49 602 (30.7%) 496 (30.3%) 106 (33.1%)  
 50+ 386 (19.7%) 304 (18.5%) 82 (25.6%)  
Sex     0.80
 Male 857 (43.7%) 715 (43.6%) 142 (44.4%)  
 Female 1102 (56.3%) 924 (56.4%) 178 (55.6%)  
Education     0.43
 None or some primary 625 (31.9%) 524 (32.0%) 101 (31.6%)  
 Primary or some secondary 759 (38.7%) 643 (39.2%) 116 (36.3%)  
 Secondary and above 575 (29.4%) 472 (28.8%) 103 (32.2%)  
Currently employed     < 0.01
 No 1265 (64.6%) 1081 (66.0%) 184 (57.5%)  
 Yes 694 (35.4%) 558 (34.0%) 136 (42.5%)  
Marital status     0.20
 Not married 837 (42.7%) 690 (42.1%) 147 (45.9%)  
 Married 1122 (57.3%) 949 (57.9%) 173 (54.1%)  
Consume alcohol     0.12
 No 1638 (83.6%) 1361 (83.0%) 277 (86.6%)  
 Yes 321 (16.4%) 278 (17.0%) 43 (13.4%)  
ART treatment supporter     0.22
 No 677 (34.6%) 576 (35.1%) 101 (31.6%)  
 Yes 1282 (65.4%) 1063 (64.9%) 219 (68.4%)  
WHO stage at time of HIV diagnosis     0.20
 I 676 (34.5%) 582 (35.5%) 94 (29.4%)  
 II 599 (30.6%) 486 (29.7%) 113 (35.3%)  
 III 537 (27.4%) 448 (27.3%) 89 (27.8%)  
 IV 98 (5.0%) 83 (5.1%) 15 (4.7%)  
 Unknown 49 (2.5%) 40 (2.4%) 9 (2.8%)  
Duration on ART     < 0.001
  < 6 months 399 (20.4%) 379 (23.1%) 20 (6.3%)  
 6 months to < 2 years 406 (20.7%) 361 (22.0%) 45 (14.1%)  
 2 to < 4 years 336 (17.2%) 284 (17.3%) 52 (16.3%)  
 4+ years 818 (41.8%) 615 (37.5%) 203 (63.4%)  
ART regimen     < 0.001
 AZT/NVP/3TC 493 (25.2%) 378 (23.1%) 115 (35.9%)  
 AZT/EFV/3TC 167 (8.5%) 141 (8.6%) 26 (8.1%)  
 TDF/NVP/3TC 173 (8.8%) 139 (8.5%) 34 (10.6%)  
 PI-based 135 (6.9%) 97 (5.9%) 38 (11.9%)  
 TLE 930 (47.5%) 830 (50.6%) 100 (31.3%)  
 Other 61 (3.1%) 54 (3.3%) 7 (2.2%)  
  1. From January 2013 to December 1, 2019, a total of 1959 PLWH on ART enrolled into AFRICOS and 320 (16.3%) reported any support group attendance prior to enrollment. Those who reported support group attendance differed significantly from those who did not by site, age, employment status, duration on ART, and ART regimen
  2. *Statistically significant p-values in bold