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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: A prospective observational study of community acquired pneumonia in Kenya: the role of viral pathogens

Patient Category No. (%) of patients N = 77/ (%)
Age (Mean, SD) 54.0 (±16) Signs
60 years old or more 33 (42.9) RR ≥ 30/min 6 (7.8)
Gender Heart rate ≥ 125/min 13 (16.9)
Male 44 (57.1) Temperature ≥ 39.5 or ≤ 35 13 (16.9)
Comorbidities SpO2 ≤ 92 38 (50.6)
CVD 32 (41.6) SBP < 90 mmHg 8 (10.4)
Diabetes 23 (29.9) Laboratory findings
Lung disorders 26 (33.8) WBC ≥ 10,000 34 (44.2)
CKD 9 (11.7) Hemoglobin ≤10 g/dl 6 (7.8)
HIV infection 10 (13.0) Platelets< 150,000 17 (22.1)
Prior Antibiotics 35 (45.5) BUN (Urea) > 7 mmol/l 16 (20.8)
Lifestyle Serum sodium ≤130 10 (13.0)
Active Smoker 5 (6.5) Imaging findings
Alcohol 17 (22.1) Ground glass opacities 27 (35.1)
  Other Opacities 14 (18.2)
Symptoms Multiple findingsa 10 (13.0)
SARI 61 (79.2) Consolidations 23 (29.9)
Fever 75 (97.4) Effusions 2 (2.6)
SOB (dyspnea) 60 (77.9) Cavity 1 (1.3)
Chest pain 62 (80.5) Bilateral findingsb 27 (35.1)
Malaise & fatigue 39 (50.6) Case admissions
Sputum 18 (23.4) Non-Critical 53 (68.9)
Weight loss 21 (27.3) Critical Care 20 (26.0)
Wheezing 18 (23.4) Critical Care and Intubated 4 (5.2)
  1. CKD chronic kidney disease
  2. CVD cardiovascular disease (hypertension, arrhythmias and heart failure)
  3. SOB Shortness of breath
  4. SARI Severe Acute Respiratory Illness; defined as a history of fever or documented temperature of 38 °C and above and cough requiring hospitalization within the last 10 days
  5. aMultiple findings included reticulonodular changes and peribronchial cuffing that could not be placed into any of the above categories
  6. bMajority of the bilateral findings were opacities (13/27, 48%)