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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and diagnostic test results amongst 237 participant women

From: Association between cervical dysplasia and female genital schistosomiasis diagnosed by genital PCR in Zambian women

Characteristics n (%)
Demography
 Age (years) 18–22 64 (27.0)
23–26 91 (38.4)
27–31 82 (34.6)
 Education None or primary 74 (31.2)
Secondary or higher 163 (68.8)
 Employment Unemployed 163 (68.8)
Employed 74 (31.2)
 Marital status Currently single 116 (49.0)
Currently married 121 (51.1)
 Ever pregnant Never 36 (15.2)
Yes 201 (84.8)
 Contraception Yes 183 (77.2)
No 54 (22.8)
 Previous bilharzia diagnosis or treatment Yes 29 (12.2)
Unsure 10 (4.2)
No 198 (83.5)
HIV
 HIV status*** Positive 56 (23.8)
Negative 179 (76.2)
 HIV status self-reported**** Positive 42 (17.8)
Negative 194 (82.2)
 HIV seroconversion during HPTN 071 *** Yes 5 (2.1)
No 230 (97.9)
Cervical dysplasia
 VIA Positive 24 (10.1)
Negative 213 (89.9)
 Treatment No treatment 208 (87.8)
Cryotherapy 20 (8.4)
LEEP 4 (1.7)
Antibiotics 5 (2.1)
Schistosoma diagnostics
 Genital Schistosoma PCR Positive 14 (5.9)
Negative 223 (94.1)
 Imaging findings suggestive of FGS* Present 70 (29.5)
Absent 146 (61.6)
 CAA** Positive 35 (14.8)
Negative 201 (84.8)
 Urine microscopy Positive 15 (6.3)
Negative 222 (93.7)
  1. *n = 216, 21 women with uninterpretable images; **n = 236, one urine vial arrived to LUMC empty; ***n = 235, 2 results missing from HPTN-271 (PopART) database; ****n = 236, one woman declined to disclose status