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Table 1 Characteristics of Study Participants and Smartphone Habits

From: Prevalence of bacterial contamination of touchscreens and posterior surfaces of smartphones owned by healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics
No. of participants 84
Median age (IQR) 31 (28–38)
 Age category, n (%)
 ≤ 29 32 (38.1%)
 30–39 27 (44.0%)
 40–49 11 (13.1%)
 50–59 2 (2.4%)
 ≥ 60 2 (2.4%)
Female, n (%) 53 (63.1%)
 Type of profession, n (%)
 Physician 19 (22.6%)
 Nurse 49 (58.3%)
 Rehabilitation therapist 9 (10.7%)
 Pharmacist 1 (1.2%)
 Clerks 5 (6.0%)
 Assistant 1 (1.2%)
 Using smartphones at bedside, n (%) 23 (27.4%)
Frequency of using smartphones, n (%)
 1–4 times/day 10 (11.9%)
 5–9 times/day 28 (33.3%)
 10–14 times/day 11 (13.1%)
  ≥ 15 times/day 35 (41.7%)
Places of most frequent smartphone use, n (%)
 Home 80 (95.2%)
 Resting room at the hospital 2 (2.4%)
 Bedside 1 (1.2%)
 Others 1 (1.2%)
 Regular disinfection of smartphone, n (%) 9 (10.7%)
 Washing hands before using smartphones, n (%) 5 (6.0%)
 Washing hands after using smartphones, n (%) 4 (4.8%)
Characteristics of smartphones
Median duration of the current smartphone use (IQR) (month) 18 (12–29)
 Use of a film over the touchscreen 66 (78.6%)
 Use of a cover 69 (82.1%)
  1. Abbreviation: IQR interquartile range