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Table 2 Multivariable analysis of HIV and factors associated with HBV in Nigerian MSM &TGW

From: Hepatitis B virus infection among men who have sex with men and transgender women living with or at risk for HIV: a cross sectional study in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria

  Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
HIV
 uninfected Ref Ref
 infected 0.93 (0.56–1.54) 0.95 (0.65–1.59)
Age (Years)
 16–20 1.52 (0.73–3.17)  
 20–25 1.06 (0.61–1.83)  
 25–60 Ref  
Site
 Abuja 1.44 (0.84–2.48)  
 Lagos Ref  
Education
 Primary Ref  
 Secondary 0.67 (0.28–1.60)  
 Tertiary 0.40 (0.15–1.02)  
Marital status
 Never Married Ref  
 Ever Married 1.40 (0.66–2.97)  
 Other 3.18 (0.98–9.88)  
Willingness to access health services  
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.94 (0.54–1.54)  
HBV vaccination
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.25 (0.03–1.82)  
Sexual orientation
 Homosexual 1.58 (0.95–2.60) 1.53 (0.92–2.55)
 Bisexual Ref Ref
Sexual Position
 Any receptive 0.94 (0.52–1.68)  
 Only Insertive Ref  
Ever had condomless anal sex
 No Ref  
 Yes 1.82 (0.71–4.66)  
Condom use at last anal sex  
 Yes Ref Ref
 No 2.15 (1.30–3.55) 2.18 (1.31–3.60)
Concurrent sexual partners
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.99 (0.57–1.73)  
Prevalent urethral and/or rectal NG or CT
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.71 (0.40–1.24)  
Vaginal sex partners in past year
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.65 (0.37–1.11)  
  1. Abbreviations: MSM men who have sex with men, TGW transgender women, Ref reference, NG Neisseria gonorrhoeae, CT Chlamydia trachomatis
  2. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Bolded indicates significance at p-value< 0.05
  3. aThe final model was adjusted for condom use during last anal sex and sexual orientation