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Table 1 Characteristics of HIV-positive compared to HIV-negative patients (crude and adjusted)

From: The 12-month period prevalence and cardiac manifestations of HIV in patients with acute coronary syndrome at a tertiary hospital in Cape Town, South Africa: a retrospective cross-sectional study

Characteristic, n (%) except where specified HIV+ (n = 30) HIV- (n = 90) Crude OR
(95% CI)
aaOR
(95% CI)
adjusted p-value
Demographics
 Age (years), mean (SD) 50 (11.90) 57.32 (11.63) 0.95 (0.91–0.98)   0.008#
 Male 20 (66.7%) 50 (55.6%) 1.60 (0.67–3.80)   0.586#
Cardiovascular risk factors
 Medical comorbidities 20 (66.7%) 83 (92.2%) 0.17 (0.06–0.50) 0.21 (0.07–0.65) 0.007
  Hypertension 13 (43.3%) 64 (71.1%) 0.31 (0.13–0.73) 0.39 (0.16–0.97) 0.044
  Dyslipidaemia 7 (23.3%) 45 (50.0%) 0.30 (0.12–0.78) 0.28 (0.11–0.76) 0.012
  Diabetes mellitus 4 (13.3%) 34 (37.8%) 0.25 (0.08–0.79) 0.31 (0.10–1.00) 0.051
  Personal history CAD 4 (13.3%) 27 (30.0%) 0.36 (0.11–1.13) 0.48 (0.15–1.60) 0.234
  Personal history CVA 3 (10.0%) 10 (11.1%) 0.89 (0.23–3.47) 0.70 (0.17–2.93) 0.630
  PVD 3 (10.0%) 10 (11.1%) 0.89 (0.23–3.47) 1.08 (0.26–4.51) 0.913
 Family history CAD 2 (6.7%) 18 (20.0%) 0.29 (0.06–1.31) 0.20 (0.04–0.99) 0.048
 Social risk factors 25 (83.3%) 74 (82.2%) 1.08 (0.36–3.25) 0.42 (0.11–1.55) 0.192
  Smoking 23 (76.7%) 67 (74.4%) 1.13 (0.43–2.97) 0.57 (0.18–1.76) 0.329
  BMI > 25 kg/m2 7 (23.3%) 29 (32.2%) 0.64 (0.25–1.66) 0.56 (0.21–1.50) 0.249
  Ethanol-misuse 3 (10.0%) 10 (11.1%) 0.89 (0.23–3.47) 0.60 (0.14–2.45) 0.472
 Serum creatinine (μmol/L), median (IQR) 71.5 (59–98) 82.5 (66–103) 0.99 (0.97–1.00) 0.99 (0.98–1.01) 0.361
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, SD standard deviation, CAD coronary artery disease, CVA cerebrovascular accident, PVD peripheral vascular disease, BMI body mass index, IQR inter-quartile range
  2. aadjusted odds ratio conditioned on age and sex. #crude p-value. Bolded text = statistically significant