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Table 2 Multivariate and Bivariate Risk Analysis Table

From: Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae among healthy children in Kassena-Nankana districts of Northern Ghana

Variable Proportion with carriage n (%) Adjusted OR (95%CI) Overall P-value
Sex
 Male 32 (36.4) 1.48 (0.80–2.75) 0.22
 Female 31 (29.5)  
Age (years)
 5—7 26 (40.0) 2.26 (0.85–6.05) 0.10
 8—10 25 (32.1) 1.58 (0.70–3.59)
 11—12 12 (24.0)  
Childhood Immunization
 Yes 62 (32.6)   0.99
 No 1 (33.3) 0.95 (0.08–11.50)
Received PCV
 Yes 18 (38.3) 0.95 (0.38–2.36) 0.91
 No 45 (30.8)  
Symptoms of RTI
 Yes 14 (37.8) 1.26 (0.59–2.71) 0.55
 No 49 (31.4)  
Antibiotics taken
 Yes 1 (33.3) 0.89 (0.08–10.30) 0.93
 No 62 (32.6)  
Household size
  < =7 37 (33.9)   0.62
  > 7 26 (30.9) 0.85 (0.46–1.60)  
  1. *Odds ratios, confidence intervals and p-values were calculated using a bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis