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Table 4 Potential confounding of the relationship between select risk factors and oral HPV infection among HIV-positive Indian MSM

From: Prevalence of oral human papillomavirus infection among Indian HIV-positive men who have sex with men: a cross-sectional study

  Unadjusted Adjusted for CD4+ level Adjusted for age, income, and marital status Adjusted for lifetime vaginal sex Adjusted for receptive anal sex
Risk factor OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Chews tobacco regularly 0.4 (0.2–0.8) 0.4 (0.2–0.8) 0.4 (0.2–0.7) 0.3 (0.2–0.8) 0.4 (0.2–0.8)
Performed oral sex on women, lifetime 0.4 (0.2–0.9) 0.4 (0.2–0.9) 0.4 (0.2–0.8) 0.4 (0.2–0.9) 0.4 (0.2–0.9)
Ever engaged in oral-anal contact, lifetime 0.6 (0.3–1.0) 0.6 (0.3–1.0) 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.6 (0.3–1.3) 0.6 (0.3–1.1)
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval. Bold texts denotes a > 10% change in the OR from the unadjusted value