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Table 3 Sexual history and oral HPV infection among Indian HIV-positive MSM

From: Prevalence of oral human papillomavirus infection among Indian HIV-positive men who have sex with men: a cross-sectional study

  No oral HPV infection Oral HPV Infection  
Characteristic N (%) N (%) P-valueb OR (95% CI)b
Total N 225 (76) 70 (24)   
Number vaginal sex partners, lifetimea      0.3431  
 0 89 (79) 24 (21)   1.0
 1–4 65 (70) 28 (30)   1.6 (0.8–3.0)
 5–39 33 (82) 7 (18)   0.8 (0.3–2.0)
 40+ 37 (77) 11 (23)   1.1 (0.5–2.5)
Performed oral sex on women, lifetime      0.0466  
 No sexual contact with women 89 (79) 24 (21)   1.0
 Sexual contact with women but no oral sex 65 (68) 31 (32)   1.8 (0.9–3.3)
 Sexual contact with women and had oral sex 71 (83) 15 (17)   0.8 (0.4–1.1)
If had sexual contact with women:      0.0217  
 No oral sex with women 65 (68) 31 (32)   1.0
 Oral sex with women 71 (83) 15 (17)   0.4 (0.2–0.9)
 If had oral sex: Number of women partners performed oral sex, lifetime      0.2845  
  1–4 29 (91) 3 (9)   1.0
  5–39 17 (81) 4 (19)   2.3 (0.5–11.4)
  40+ 25 (76) 8 (24)   3.1 (0.7–12.9)
Number male partners with whom participant was receptive partner during anal intercourse, lifetimea      0.9665  
 1–1000 71 (76) 22 (24)   1.0
 1000+ 153 (76) 48 (24)   1.0 (0.6–1.8)
Number male partners with whom participant was insertive partner during anal intercourse, lifetime      0.0678  
 1–100 74 (80) 18 (20)   1.0
 101–1000 45 (64) 25 (36)   2.3 (1.1–4.6)
 1000+ 16 (70) 7 (30)   1.8 (0.6–5.0)
Ever engaged in oral-anal contact, lifetime (either giving or receiving)      0.0481  
 No 95 (71) 39 (29)   1.0
 Yes 130 (81) 31 (19)   0.6 (0.3–1.0)
Number oral-anal male partners where participant performed oral contact, lifetime      0.0118  
 0 129 (70) 54 (30)   1.0
 1–10 28 (85) 5 (15)   0.4 (0.2–1.2)
 11+ 68 (86) 11 (14)   0.4 (0.2–0.8)
Perform genital oral sex on male, lifetime .   .   0.9745  
 No 35 (76) 11 (24)   1.0
 Yes 190 (76) 59 (24)   1.0 (0.5–2.1)
 If Yes: Number genital oral sex male partners where participant performed oral sex, lifetime      0.8506  
  1–100 52 (79) 14 (21)   1.0
  101–1000 72 (75) 24 (25)   1.2 (0.6–2.6)
  1000+ 66 (76) 21 (24)   1.2 (0.5–2.5)
  1. a Indicates 1–2 individual participant data were missing
  2. b p-value for categorical variable from chi-square, and from ANOVA or ranked ANOVA for normally and non-normally distributed continuous variables. OR, odds ratio and 95% CI, confidence interval from unadjusted logistic regression model. NE, not estimable
  3. c Indicates 1–5% of participant data were missing