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Table 6 Conditional multivariate logistic regression: Risk factors of having a community-acquired or healthcare-associated urinary tract infection caused by a resistant bacterium compared with a susceptible one, by gender and class of antibiotic delivered in the previous 3 months

From: Antibiotic prescriptions and risk factors for antimicrobial resistance in patients hospitalized with urinary tract infection: a matched case-control study using the French health insurance database (SNDS)

  Community-acquireda Hospital-acquiredb
Men (N = 4028)
ORa [CI 95%]
Women (N = 5864)
ORa [CI 95%]
Men (N = 2284)
ORa [CI 95%]
Women (N = 1884)
ORa [CI 95%]
Antibioticsc
 No antibiotic 1 1 1 1
 Broad spectrum penicillin (BSP) 1.18 [0.96–1.44] 1.34 [1.13–1.58] 1.09 [0.85–1.41] 1.19 [0.90–1.58]
 Sulfonamide 3.11 [1.75–5.52] 1.28 [0.80–2.07] 1.37 [0.83–2.27] 0.86 [0.47–1.57]
 Cephalosporin 2.53 [1.74–3.68] 1.90 [1.47–2.45] 2.38 [1.53–3.69] 1.60 [1.03–2.47]
 Macrolide 0.96 [0.62–1.48] 1.07 [0.76–1.52] 0.66 [0.38–1.15] 1.17 [0.63–2.19]
 Quinolone 3.29 [2.46–4.39] 2.52 [1.90–3.34] 2.54 [1.78–3.61] 2.68 [1.60–4.16]
 Other antibioticsd 2.99 [1.70–5.28] 1.35 [1.04–1.75] 2.65 [1.27–5.52] 0.65 [0.37–1.12]
 Cephalosporin and BSP 3.07 [1.64–5.77] 2.66 [1.58–4.47] 3.73 [1.42–9.75] 3.20 [1.23–8.33]
 Quinolone and BSP 4.93 [2.94–8.28] 2.11 [1.28–3.46] 6.06 [3.13–11.74] 1.39 [0.75–2.59]
 Quinolone and cephalosporin 5.72 [3.08–10.61] 3.38 [1.87–6.09] 2.87 [1.32–6.23] 0.98 [0.38–2.54]
  1. Abbreviations: ORa adjusted Odd Ratio, CI 95 95% confidence interval
  2. a adjusted on surgical procedures in the last 3 months and recurrent UTIs
  3. b adjusted on stays in ICU, surgical hospital procedures in the last 3 months and recurrent UTI
  4. c antibiotic classification is presented in Table S3 of the additional file
  5. d most of “Other antibiotics” were fosfomycin and nitrofurantoins