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Table 5 Conditional logistic regression multivariate analysis: adjusted Odds ratio and IC 95% for the last antibiotic dispensing and acquisition of community-acquired or healthcare-associated urinary tract infection caused by a resistant bacteria compared with a susceptible one, by gender, associated UTI and spectrum category

From: Antibiotic prescriptions and risk factors for antimicrobial resistance in patients hospitalized with urinary tract infection: a matched case-control study using the French health insurance database (SNDS)

  Community-acquireda Hospital-acquiredb
Men (N = 5268)
ORa [CI 95%]
Women (N = 7668)
ORa [CI 95%]
Men (N = 3170)
ORa [CI 95%]
Women (N = 2540)
ORa [CI 95%]
No antibiotic dispensing 1 1 1 1
With UTI – Narrow spectrumc 2.18 [1.03–1.56] 0.36 [0.04–3.32] 2.34 [0.54–10.12] 3.28 [0.57–19.04]
With UTI – Broad spectrumc 4.23 [3.41–5.26] 2.15 [1.86–2.49] 1,91 [1.48–2.47] 1.13 [0.87–1.47]
Without UTI – Narrow spectrumc 1.18 [0.87–1.60] 1,30 [1.02–1.67] 0.86 [0.60–1.24] 1.46 [0.99–2.17]
Without UTI – Broad spectrumc 2.18 [1.91–2.49] 1.89 [1.69–2.11] 1.87 [1.59–2.20] 1.69 [1.41–2.03]
  1. Abbreviations: ORa adjusted Odd Ratio, CI 95 95% confidence interval, UTI urinary tract infection
  2. a Model adjusted on surgical procedures in the last 3 months
  3. b Model adjusted on stays in ICU and surgical hospital procedures in the last 3 months
  4. c Broad and narrow spectrum classification is presented in additional file 1, Table S3