Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of psychological distress according to health-related variables and current substance use status of TB patients

From: Prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress in tuberculosis patients in Northeast China: a cross-sectional study

Variable Total n (%) Psychological Distress n (%) P
No Yes
Treatment category
 New 401 (84.8) 147 (36.7) 254 (63.3) 0.443
 Relapse 72 (15.2) 23 (31.9) 49 (68.1)  
TB hospitalization experience
 Yes 375 (79.3) 123 (32.8) 252 (67.2) 0.005
 No 98 (20.7) 47 (48.0) 51 (52.0)  
TB treatment duration (months)
  < 6 305 (64.5) 117 (38.4) 188 (61.6) 0.315
 6–12 150 (31.7) 48 (32.0) 102 (68.0)  
  > 12 18 (3.8) 5 (27.8) 13 (72.2)  
Cough
 Yes 142 (30.0) 40 (28.2) 102 (71.8) 0.021
 No 331 (70.0) 130 (39.3) 201 (60.7)  
Diabetes
 Yes 75 (15.9) 18 (24.0) 57 (76.0) 0.019
 No 398 (84.1) 152 (38.2) 246 (61.8)  
Current number of anti-TB medicines
  ≤ 3 228 (48.2) 85 (37.3) 143 (62.7) 0.558
  > 3 245 (51.8) 85 (34.7) 160 (65.3)  
Adverse drug reactions
 Yes 151 (31.9) 36 (23.8) 115 (76.2) < 0.001
 No 322 (68.1) 134 (41.6) 188 (58.4)  
Self-rated illness severity
 Mild 333 (70.4) 141 (42.3) 192 (57.7) < 0.001
 Moderate 93 (19.7) 23 (24.7) 70 (75.3)  
 Severe 47 (9.9) 6 (12.8) 41 (87.2)  
Perceived poor resistance
 Agree 118 (24.9) 25 (21.2) 93 (78.8) < 0.001
 Not sure 98 (20.7) 26 (26.5) 72 (73.5)  
 Disagree 257 (54.3) 119 (46.3) 138 (53.7)  
Body mass index (kg/m2)
  < 18.5 85 (18.0) 26 (30.6) 59 (69.4) 0.256
  ≥ 18.5 388 (82.0) 144 (37.1) 244 (62.9)  
Physical exercise
 Often 83 (17.5) 41 (49.4) 42 (50.6) 0.010
 Sometimes 81 (17.1) 31 (38.3) 50 (61.7)  
 Never 309 (65.3) 98 (31.7) 211 (68.3)  
Current alcohol use
 Yes 54 (11.4) 23 (42.6) 31 (57.4) 0.279
 No 419 (88.6) 147 (35.1) 272 (64.9)  
Current cigarette use
 Yes 105 (22.2) 45 (42.9) 60 (57.1) 0.094
 No 368 (77.8) 125 (34.0) 243 (66.0)