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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of clinical characteristics and LM positivity from pregnant women at JUMC, June to August 30, 2019, southwest Ethiopia

From: Isolation and characterization of Listeria monocytogenes among women attending Jimma University medical center, Southwest Ethiopia

Clinical variables (n = 144) No (%) L. monocytogenes P-value 95% C.I.a
Yes (%) No (%)   
Clinical sign and symptoms
 Fever 100 (69.4) 7 (7.0) 93 (93.0) 0.279 0.309 (0.037, 2.590)
 Headache 62 (43.1) 5 (8.1) 57 (91.9) 0.265 0.433 (0.099, 1.885)
 Gastroenteritis 12 (8.3) 0 (0) 12 (100) 0.999 0.000
 Vomiting 15 (10.4) 0 (0) 15 (100) 0.999 0.000
Gestational age
 < 28 weeks 28 (19.4) 1 (3.6) 27 (96.4)   1
 ≥ 28 weeks 116 (80.6) 7 (6.0) 109 (94.0) 0.614 0.577 (0.068, 4.888)
had past “bad obstetrics history” 47 (32.6) 4 (8.5) 93 (91.5) 0.291 0.462 (0.110, 1.936)
No past “bad obstetrics history” 97 (67.4) 4 (4.1) 43 (95.9)   1
  1. aC.I. stands for the confidence interval
  2. “ ” women with recurrent spontaneous abortions, history of fetal loss or history of preterm delivery