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Table 2 Associations with nasopharyngeal pneumococcal colonization > 3 log copies/mL

From: Assessment of nasopharyngeal Streptococcus pneumoniae colonization does not permit discrimination between Canadian children with viral and bacterial respiratory infection: a matched-cohort cross-sectional study

Covariate Bivariate analyses Multivariate analyses
OR (95%CI) Wald p OR (95%CI) Wald p
Age category
  < 2 y ref   ref  
 2 to <5 y 1.27 (0.85–1.90) 0.25 1.28 (0.83–1.97) 0.27
 5 to < 10 y 0.39 (0.23–0.66) 0.001 0.39 (0.22–0.68) 0.001
 10 y and over 0.16 (0.053–0.46) 0.001 0.22 (0.072–0.68) 0.008
Recruitment group
 1 (PICU) ref   ref  
 2 (ward) 1.80 (1.14–2.85) 0.012 1.54 (0.94–2.53) 0.09
 3 (ED) 2.62 (1.73–3.98) < 0.001 2.20 (1.36–3.55) 0.001
Disease category
 Viral infection syndrome ref   NS  
 Nonsevere indeterminate pneumo. 1.96 (1.27–3.02) 0.002   
 Severe indeterminate pneumonia 0.85 (0.53–1.38) 0.52   
 Bacterial infection syndrome 0.98 (0.46–2.10) 0.96   
  1. NS not significant