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Table 4 Risk factors associated with the development of bacteraemia in patients hospitalised with UTIs

From: Burden of illness in US hospitals due to carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative urinary tract infections in patients with or without bacteraemia

Factor Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) P value
Age, 46–65 vs 18–45 years 1.199 (1.104 to 1.302) < 0.0001
Age, > 65 vs 18–45 years 1.034 (0.957 to 1.116) 0.3961
Male vs Female 1.999 (1.907 to 2.095) < 0.0001
Non-White vs White 1.226 (1.166 to 1.289) < 0.0001
Admitted to ICU vs No 2.142 (2.036 to 2.253) < 0.0001
Had urine catheters vs No 1.237 (1.164 to 1.314) < 0.0001
Had urinary surgery vs No 1.428 (1.333 to 1.529) < 0.0001
Escherichia coli vs Other 2.026 (1.9 to 2.159) < 0.0001
Klebsiella pneumoniae vs Other 1.447 (1.333 to 1.571) < 0.0001
Acinetobacter baumannii vs Other 0.587 (0.342 to 1.005) 0.0524
Pseudomonas aeruginosa vs Other 0.628 (0.554 to 0.712) < 0.0001
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia vs Other 0.349 (0.18 to 0.675) 0.0018
CS vs CR 1.754 (1.484 to 2.073) < 0.0001
Onset HA (after 3 days) vs CA (within 3 days) 0.229 (0.209 to 0.252) < 0.0001
  1. CA Community acquired, CR Carbapenem resistant, CS Carbapenem susceptible, HA Hospital acquired, ICU Intensive care unit, UTI Urinary tract infection