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Table 4 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with LTBI among international migrants, Brazil (2020)a

From: Factors associated with latent tuberculosis among international migrants in Brazil: a cross-sectional study (2020)

Variables TST p-value
Negative
n (%)
Positive
n (%)
Gender
 Female 297 (39%) 106 (14%) 0.10**
 Male 232 (30%) 118 (15%)  
Color/Race
 Yellow 6 (1%) 5 (1%) < 0.001**
 White 111 (15%) 35 (5%)  
 Creole 14 (2%) 3 (0.4%)  
 Indigenous 26 (3%) 46 (6%)  
 Brown 270 (35%) 85 (11%)  
 Black 82 (11%) 42 (5%)  
 Other 21 (3%) 8 (1%)  
 Missing 4 (1%) 1 (0.1%)  
Marital Status
 Married/Stable Union 199 (26%) 86 (11%) 0.004**
 Divorced 15 (2%) 18 (2%)  
 Single 299 (39%) 119 (16%)  
 Widow (er) 8 (1%) 0 (0%)  
Age Range
 18 to 24 years 113 (15%) 46 (6%) 0.96
 25 to 59 years 389 (51%) 163 (21%)  
 Over 60 years 31 (4%) 12 (2%)  
Schooling
 Up to 5 years 40 (5%) 24 (4%) 0.21
 5 to 8 years 140 (18%) 61 (8%)  
 9 to 11 years 231 (30%) 94 (12%)  
 Over 11 years 104 (14%) 31 (4%)  
Occupation
 Retired 6 (1%) 1 (0.1%) 0.70
 Unemployed 326 (43%) 134 (18%)  
 Student 3 (0.4%) 4 (1%)  
 Never worked 11 (1%) 3 (0.4%)  
 Undergraduate 4 (1%) 1 (0.1%)  
 Formal worker 41 (5%) 19 (2%)  
 Informal worker 127 (17%) 59 (8%)  
Situation of vulnerability
 Indigenous 7 (1%) 11 (1%) 0.009**
 Asylum/shelter/hostel resident 433 (57%) 168 (22%)  
 Not in a situation of vulnerability 83 (11%) 37 (5%)  
 Healthcare worker 0 (0%) 3 (0.4%)  
 Missing 11 (1%) 6 (1%)  
  1. aApplied Pearson’s 훘2 or Fisher’s exact test when the expected frequency was less than 5; **p < 0.2