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Table 2 Selected characteristics of knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of livestock farmers towards ticks and tick-borne diseases of zoonotic importance in Caquba and Lucingweni areas of OR Tambo District in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices on African tick bite fever of rural livestock communities living in a livestock-wildlife interface area in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

Characteristics No. of respondents Caquba (%) Lucingweni (%) P-value
Ticks identified (ability to identify) 37 22 15  
Amblyomma hebraeum (Qwelagqibe/ red) tick   22 (68.75) 0 < 0.001*
Rhipicephalus (Dark coloured/ umkhasi) tick   0 10 (31.25)  
Bitten by ticks 37 22 15  
 Yes   21 (95.5) 2 (13.3) < 0.001*
 No   1 (4.5) 13 (86.7)  
How the ticks were removed at the bite site 20 20   
 Plucked out   11 (47.8) N/A
 Crushed the tick(s)   5 (21.7) N/A  
 Used light from a matchstick   4 (17.4) N/A  
Treatment sought after a tick bite(s) 38 23 15  
 Health care facility   1 (4.35) 0 0.007*
 Traditional healer   1 (4.35) 0  
 Self-treatment   7 (30.4) 1 (6.7)  
 No treatment   5 (21.7) 0  
 No response   9 (39.1) 14 (93.3)  
Perceived origins of ticks that bite humans 35 20 15  
 Domestic animals (Cattle, sheep, goats, cats, dogs and chicken/birds)   10 (43.5) 12 (66.7) 0.0436*
 Humans   0 1 (6.7)  
 Grass   1 (4.35) 0  
 Do not know   9 (39.1) 2 (13.3)  
Concerns about tick bites/tick-borne infection 36 21 15  
 Very concerned   19 (82.6) 13 (86.7) 0.559
 Not very concerned   0 1 (6.7  
 Not concerned at all   2 (8.7) 1 (6.7)  
Individual protection from ticks 34 21 13  
 Bathed with antiseptic   2 (8.7) 0  
 Wear protective clothing   0 6 (40)  
 Do nothing to protect oneself   14 (60.9) 0 < 0.001*
 Chemical control of ticks in livestock (Dip livestock and Use of traditional medicine)   3 (52.2) 1 (26.7)  
 Environmental control (Avoid tick-infested animals/environment and Cut/mow grass)   2 (8.7) 6 (20)  
  1. N/A denotes Not answered, Asterisk (*) denotes significance at P < 0.05