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Table 1 Utility values of COVID-19 disease among different socio-economic subgroups

From: The health-related quality of life in Iranian patients with COVID-19

Socio-Demographic Factors Number (%) Utility value P-value
Mean (SE) Median (IQR)
Total 287 (100) 0.863 (0.01) 0.909 (0.21)  
 Traders 191 (66.55) 0.793 (0.01) 0.848 (0.17) <  0.01
 Non-traders 96 (33.55) 1.00 (0.00) 1.00 (0.00)
Age groups  
 Young (<  40 yrs) 109 (37.98) 0.917 (0.01) 0.932 (0.11) <  0.01
 Middle age (40–65 yrs) 115 (40.07) 0.877 (0.01) 0.886 (0.20)
 Elderly (>  65 yrs) 63 (21.95) 0.742 (0.04) 0.765 (0.42)
Gender
 Male 143 (49.83) 0.851 (0.02) 0.907 (0.23) 0.28
 Female 144 (50.17) 0.874 (0.01) 0.909 (0.17)
Marital Status
 Single 67 (23.51) 0.889 (0.02) 0.923 (0.08) 0.15
 Married 218 (76.49) 0.853 (0.01) 0.899 (0.23)
Place of residence
 Urban 250 (87.11) 0.871 (0.01) 0.920 (0.19) 0.03
 Rural 37 (12.89) 0.804 (0.03) 0.877 (0.30)
Education
 Illiterate 70 (25.36) 0.821 (0.02) 0.920 (0.31) 0.06
 Non-university 136 (49.28) 0.862 (0.02) 0.899 (0.19)
 University 70 (25.36) 0.893 (0.01) 0.908 (0.15)
Employed
 Yes 125 (44.48) 0.882 (0.01) 0.904 (0.18) 0.09
 No 156 (55.52) 0.846 (0.02) 0.928 (0.24)
Having basic insurance
 Yes 264 (92.31) 0.863 (0.01) 0.909 (0.21) 0.76
 No 22 (7.69) 0.851 (0.04) 0.889 (0.18)
Household dimension
 < 3 persons 119 (41.46) 0.834 (0.02) 0.889 (0.24) 0.02
 > 3 persons 168 (48.54) 0.882 (0.01) 0.924 (0.62)
Standardized household’s monthly cost
 Lowest (<  50 USD) 193 (67.25) 0.870 (0.01) 0.909 (0.19) 0.29
 Highest (>  50 USD) 94 (32.75) 0.846 (0.02) 0.906 (0.23)