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Table 2 The frequency of clinical manifestations and complications in Iranian patients with KD and their comparison with some data available in the literature

From: A 10-year cross-sectional retrospective study on Kawasaki disease in Iranian children: incidence, clinical manifestations, complications, and treatment patterns

Manifestation/Complication type Freq. (%) Data obtained from the literature b
Jindal et al. [17] India Platt et al. [28]
USA
Guleria et al. [29]
India
Özdemir et al. [30] Turkey Shamsizadeh et al. [24] Southwest of Iran
Fever 92.6 100 100 100 100
Oral mucus membrane changes (Total) 75.8 78.3 82.3 80.0 87.5 86.5
Injected or fissured lips 32.6
Injected pharynx 20.5
Strawberry tongue 5.8
More than one type 16.9
Bilateral bulbar conjunctival injection 73.7 63.0 85.8 57.1 87.5 89.4
Polymorphus skin rash 73.2 73.9 91.5 65.7 66.7 76.0
Peripheral extremity changes (Total) 63.7 50.0 66.3
Palms and soles erythema 41.6
Hands and feet edema 14.2 23.9 63.1 67.8
Periungual desquamation 1.1 97.8 91.4 20.8
More than one type 6.7  
Cervical lymphadenopathy 60.0 60.9 39.6 60.0 70.8 42.3
Gastrointestinal complications (Total) 47.9 40.4
Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting 38.4
Blood in stool 8.0
Gastrointestinal bleeding requiring intervention 1.0
Gall bladder hydrops 0.5 12.5
Cardiac complications (Total) 27.9
Coronary artery aneurysm 26.3  
Kawasaki myocarditis 1.6 6.5
Valvular involvement 0.0
Joint involvement (Total) 6.8
Arthralgia 4.8 14.4
Arthritis 2.0 19.6 80.0a
Hepatic complication 4.2 33.3 6.7
  1. a As oligoarticular involvement