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Table 3 Bacteria isolated (n = 90) from 84 positive blood cultures deemed clinically relevant (light gray columns) and the number of these blood cultures within three groups: Patients who fulfilled Sepsis-3 criteria (155 patients), patients with a Neutrophil to lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR) > 12 (177 patients) and patients with a Modified Shapiro score (MSS) ≥3 points (195 patients). The “Total” represents the number (percentage) of Gram-negative/−positive findings in each group

From: Early prediction of blood stream infection in a prospectively collected cohort

Gram-negative isolates n Sepsis-3 (n = 155) NLCR > 12 (n = 177) MSS ≥ 3p (n = 195) Gram-positive isolates n Sepsis-3 (n = 155) NLCR > 12 (n = 177) MSS ≥ 3p (n = 195)
Escherichia coli 32 12 25 21 Staphylococcus aureus 9 4 6 7
Klebsiella pneumoniae 5 1 4 3 Alfa-hemolytic streptococci 9 3 4 2
Bacteroides fragilis 3 1 1 2 Streptococcus pneumoniae 5 2 2 3
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2 1 1 2 Beta-hemolytic streptococci (Non-group A) 5 2 5 4
Salmonella panama 1     Enterococcus faecalis 2 1 1 2
Neisseria meningitidis 1 1 1 1 Coagulase Negative Staphylococci 3 3 2 2
Francisella tularensis 1    1 Aerococcus urinae 1 1   1
Fusobacterium necrophorum 1 1 1   Listeria monocytogenes 1    1
Klebsiella oxytoca 1    1 Cutibacterium acnes 1   1 1
Enterobacter cloacae 1 1 1 1 Parvimonas micra 1    
Pasteurella multocida 1   1 1 Peptostreptococcus anaerobius 1   1  
Citrobacter sp. 1   1   Clostridium perfringens 1   1 1
Pseudomonas sp. (Non-aeruginosa) 1 1 1 1      
Total 51 19 (37%) 37 (73%) 33 (65%)   39 16 (41%) 23 (59%) 27 (69%)