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Table 3 Detected viruses and bacteria/P. jirovecii

From: Respiratory microbes detected in hospitalized adults with acute respiratory infections: associations between influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus and intensive care unit admission or fatal outcome in Vietnam (2015–2017)

Detected microbes Total (n = 269) ICU (n = 69) non-ICU (n = 200) Dead (n = 25) Alive (n = 244)
Viruses
 H3 35 (13.0%) 0 35 0 35
 H1N1pdm* 29 (10.8%) 13 16 7 22
 HRV 24 (8.92%) 5 19 2 22
 229E 17 (6.32%) 4 13 1 16
 HAdV 14 (5.20%) 5 9 3 11
 Flu B 9 (3.35%) 5 4 0 9
 HMPV A/B 7 (2.60%) 1 6 1 6
 RSV A/B 4 (1.49%) 0 4 0 4
 OC43 4 (1.49%) 3 1 2 2
 NL63 3 (1.12%) 0 3 0 3
 HKU1 3 (1.12%) 1 2 1 2
 HPIV-1 3 (1.12%) 0 3 0 3
 HBoV 3 (1.12%) 1 2 1 2
 HPIV-2 2 (0.07%) 1 1 1 1
 HPIV-3 1(0.037%) 0 1 0 1
 HPIV-4 1 (0.037%) 1 0 0 1
Bacteria/P. jirovecii
K. pneumoniae/ K variicola 73 (27.1%) 26 47 10 63
S. aureus 37 (13.8%) 8 29 1 36
H. influenzae 30 (11.2%) 12 18 2 28
S. pneumoniae 25 (9.29%) 4 21 1 24
P. jirovecii 22 (8.18%) 9 13 6 16
M. catarrhalis 11 (4.09%) 5 6 1 10
M. pneumoniae 8 (2.97%) 0 8 0 8
H. influenza B 4 (1.49%) 0 4 0 4
Salmonella spp. 3 (1.12%) 0 3 0 3
Bordetella spp. 1 (0.037%) 1 0 0 1
  1. *: significant differences between ICU and non-ICU patients (Chi-square test, p < 0.05) and significant differences between Dead and Alive patients (Fisher’s exact test, p < 0.05). ICU intensive care unit, H3 influenza A/H3N2 virus, H1N1pdm influenza A/H1N1pdm virus, HRV human rhinovirus, 229E human coronavirus 229E, HAdV human adenovirus, FluB influenza B virus, HMPV A/B human metapneumovirus A/B, RSV A/B respiratory syncytial virus A/B, OC43 human coronavirus OC43, NL63 human coronavirus NL63, HKU1 human coronavirus HKU1, HPIV-1, 2, 3, and 4 human parainfluenza virus 1, 2, 3, and 4, HBoV human bocavirus, K. pneumoniae/K. variicola Klebsiella pneumoniae/Klebsiella variicola, S. aureus Staphylococcus aureus, H. influenza Haemophilus influenza, S. pneumoniae Streptococcus pneumoniae, P. jirovecii Pneumocystis jirovecii, M. catarrhalis Moraxella catarrhalis, M. pneumoniae Mycoplasma pneumoniae, H. influenza B Haemophilus influenzae type B, Salmonella spp. Salmonella species, Bordetella spp. Bordetella species