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Table 2 Detection of single or multiple microbes

From: Respiratory microbes detected in hospitalized adults with acute respiratory infections: associations between influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus and intensive care unit admission or fatal outcome in Vietnam (2015–2017)

  Total (n = 269) ICU (n = 69) Non-ICU (n = 200) Dead (n = 25) Alive (n = 244)
Microbe detection 214 (79.6%) 60 (86.9%) 154 (77.0%) 21 (84%) 193 (79.1%)
 Single microbes 111 (41.3%) 31 (44.9%) 80 (40.0%) 11 (44%) 100 (41.0%)
 Multiple microbes 103 (38.3%) 29 (42.0%) 74 (37.0%) 10 (40%) 93 (38.1%)
Virus detection 137 (50.9%) 35 (50.7%) 102 (51.0%) 15 (60%) 122 (50%)
 Single virus 55 (20.4%) 11 (15.9%) 44 (22.0%) 5 (20%) 50 (20.5%)
 -Multiple viruses 8 (2.97%) 1 (1.45%) 7 (3.50%) 0 (0%) 8 (3.3%)
 Both viruses and bacteria/P. jirovecii 74 (27.5%) 23 (33.3%) 51 (25.5%) 10 (40%) 64 (26.2%)
Bacteria/P. jirovecii detection* 151 (56.1%) 48 (69.5%) 103 (51.5%) 16 (64%) 135 (55.3%)
 Single bacteria/P. jirovecii 56 (20.8%) 20 (29.0%) 36 (18.0%) 6 (24%) 50 (20.5%)
 Multiple bacteria/P. jirovecii 21 (7.81%) 5 (7.20%) 16 (8.00%) 0 (0%) 21 (8.6%)
  Both viruses and bacteria/P. jirovecii 74 (27.5%) 23 (33.3%) 51 (25.5%) 10 (40%) 64 (26.2%)
  1. Data are presented as patient number (%), *: significant differences after Bonferroni correction between ICU and non-ICU patients (Chi-square test, corrected significance level p = 0.0167). ICU intensive care unit, P. jirovecii Pneumocystis jirovecii