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Table 2 Disease spectrum and complications in the E. coli-EOD and E. coli-LOD groups

From: Epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility of invasive Escherichia coli infection in neonates from 2012 to 2019 in Xiamen, China

Disease E. coli-EOD
(n = 46)
E. coli-LOD
(n = 48)
χ2 values P
Pneumonia, n (%) 34 (73.91) 18 (37.50) 12.600 0.000
Sepsis, n (%) 19 (41.30) 29 (60.42) 5.112 0.021
Purulent meningitis, n (%) 6 (13.04) 7 (14.58) 0.050 0.831
Urinary tract infection, n (%) 0 (0.00) 5 (10.42) 0.060a
Skin abscess, n (%) 0 (0.00) 4 (8.33) 0.121a
ARDS,n (%) 15 (32.61) 2 (4.17) 12.831 0.000
Pulmonary hemorrhage, n (%) 10 (21.74) 1 (2.08) 8.782 0.003
Septic shock, n (%) 11 (23.91) 2 (4.17) 7.690 0.006
PPHN, n (%) 5 (10.87) 0 (0) 0.030a
NEC, n (%) 1 (2.17) 3 (6.25) 0.219 0.640a
  1. ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome, PPHN persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, NEC necrotizing enterocolitis
  2. aFisher’s exact test