Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of included studies

From: Neonatal prophylaxis with antibiotic containing ointments does not reduce incidence of chlamydial conjunctivitis in newborns

  Hammerschlag (1980) [12] Bell (1987) [23] Hammerschlag (1989) [3]
Location Seattle, WA Seattle, WA Brooklyn, NY
Type of Study Prospective, randomized Prospective, not randomized Prospective, randomized
Prophylaxis a. Silver Nitrate, b. Erythromycin a. Silver Nitrate,
b. Erythromycin
a. Silver Nitrate,
b. Erythromycin,
c Tetracycline
Number of Infants 60 120 230
Chlamydial Conjunctivitis Number (%) a. 12 (33)
b. 0
a. 21 (23)
b. 4 (15)
a. 15 (20)
b. 13 (14)
c. 7 (11)
NP Number (%) a.10 (28)
b. 5
NR# a. 1 (1)
b. 4 (4)
c. 3 (5)
Pneumonia Number (%) a. 3 (8)
b. 1 (4)
NR a. 2 (3)
b. 0
c. 0
  1. a Silver nitrate; b. Erythromycin; c. Tetracycline
  2. # Extraocular chlamydial infection without conjunctivitis. Sites tested NP, oropharynx, vagina and anus.
  3. NR Not reported.