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Table 3 Univariable and Multivariable Conditional Logistic Regression for Measles Mortality among fatal measles cases and non-fatal measles controls

From: Risk factors for measles deaths among children during a Nationwide measles outbreak – Romania, 2016–2018

Variable Univariablea OR (95% CI) Multivariablec OR (95% CI)
Children Medical and Vaccination History
 Received ≥1 Dose of Vaccine
  MCV 0.6 (0.2–1.6) 1.0 (0.3–3.6)
  Hib/Hexavalent 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.5 (0.2–1.2)
 Underlying medical conditions
  Malnutrition 3.4 (1.1–9.9) 4.3 (0.9–20.4)
  Immune deficiency 0.5 (0.1–4.4) 0.7 (0.1–6.5)
  Anemia 1.1 (0.3–4.4) 2.9 (0.2–39.8)
Healthcare Exposures Before Rash Onset
  Admitted to Hospital 7–21 days Before Rash Onset
  No (non-HEMb) REF REF
  HEM: Pneumonia 3.0 (1.2–7.2) 1.3 (0.3–5.7)
  HEM: Other Diagnosis 1.2 (0.5–2.9) 0.8 (0.2–2.7)
Healthcare Exposures After Rash Onset
  Received Vitamin A (any) 3.2 (0.9–11.5) 3.4 (0.7–15.3)
  Pneumonia 7.1 (2.0–24.8) 7.1 (1.4–35.3)
  Neurologic complications 8.7 (2.6–29.1) 5.7 (0.7–43.9)
  1. aConditional logistic regression odds ratio (OR) accounting for age, sex, district of residence and urban/rural place of residence
  2. bHEM Healthcare-related Exposure to Measles
  3. cConditional logistic regression odds ratio (OR) accounting for matching on age, sex, district of residence, urban/rural place of residence and controlling for all other variables in this table