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Table 6 Association of participants’ knowledge towards cutaneous leishmaniasis and sand fly vector with their sociodemographic factors

From: Knowledge and attitude towards cutaneous leishmaniasis among rural endemic communities in Shara’b district, Taiz, southwestern Yemen

Variables Good knowledge about CLa Good knowledge about sand flya
n (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) n (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Age (years)
  > 40 45 (28.1) 1.64 (1.05, 2.56)* 2.40 (1.05, 5.50)* 64 (40.0) 1.60 (1.07, 2.39)* 1.51 (0.75, 3.04)
 18–40 59 (19.3) 1 1 90 (29.4) 1 1
Gender
 Male 74 (25.3) 1.63 (1.02, 2.62)* 1.50 (0.88, 2.57) 88 (30.1) 0.71 (0.48, 1.05) 0.51 (0.32, 0.82)*
 Female 30 (17.2) 1 1 66 (37.9) 1 1
Education
 Tertiary 17 (17.5) 0.61 (0.31, 1.20) 35 (36.1) 0.78 (0.44, 1.38) 1.41 (0.57, 3.51)
 Secondary 39 (21.1) 0.76 (0.43, 1.34) 58 (31.4) 0.63 (0.38, 1.05) 0.71 (0.31, 1.60)
 Primary 22 (26.2) 1.01 (0.52, 1.96) 19 (22.6) 0.40 (0.21, 0.77)* 0.43 (0.17, 1.08)
 Non educated 26 (26.0) 1 42 (42.0) 1 1
Occupation
 Employees 21 (23.3) 1.18 (0.67, 2.07) 27 (30.0) 0.96 (0.57, 1.60) 0.52 (0.23, 1.21)
 Farmers 20 (29.0) 1.58 (0.88, 2.85) 32 (46.4) 1.93 (1.13, 3.28)* 1.39 (0.66, 2.93)
 Not working (students & housewives) 63 (20.5) 1 95 (30.9) 1 1
No. of household members
  > 9 28 (21.2) 0.96 (0.50, 1.86) 41 (31.1) 0.81 (0.46, 1.44)
 5–9 57 (23.1) 1.07 (0.60, 1.93) 82 (33.2) 0.90 (0.54, 1.50)
  < 5 19 (21.8) 1 31 (35.6) 1
  1. All values are number (%). COR CRUDE ODDS ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. * Significant association (P < 0.05)
  3. aBased on scores shown in Table 3