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Table 4 Knowledge about sand fly vector among the participants (n = 466)

From: Knowledge and attitude towards cutaneous leishmaniasis among rural endemic communities in Shara’b district, Taiz, southwestern Yemen

Variables Response categories n (%)
Can you identify and differentiate sand flies from other common flies and mosquitoes? Yes 229 (49.1)
No 237 (50.9)
Diseases transmitted by sand flies Cutaneous leishmaniasis 69 (14.8)
Malaria 64 (13.7)
Itching and allergy 18 (3.9)
Nothing 2 (0.4)
Others 17 (3.6)
I don’t know 296 (63.5)
Breeding places of sand flies Swamps 53 (11.4)
Sewers 19 (4.1)
Cattle and sheep dung 78 (16.7)
Dry tree holes 25 (5.4)
Valleys 18 (3.9)
Others 14 (3.0)
I don’t know 259 (55.6)
Biting time of sand flies From dusk to sunrise 101 (21.7)
Day time 53 (11.4)
Any time 29 (6.2)
Others 8 (1.7)
I don’t know 283 (60.7)
Methods to control sand flies Using bed nets 106 (22.7)
Using insecticides 48 (10.3)
Situating animal stables as distant as possible from dwellings 12 (2.6)
Personal hygiene 21 (4.5)
Others 8 (1.7)
I don’t know 271 (58.2)