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Table 2 Knowledge about cutaneous leishmaniasis among the study participants (n = 466)

From: Knowledge and attitude towards cutaneous leishmaniasis among rural endemic communities in Shara’b district, Taiz, southwestern Yemen

Variables Response categories n (%)
Have seen individuals infected with CL Yes 354 (76.0)
No 112 (24.0)
Signs and symptoms of CL Skin ulcer 184 (39.5)
Itching and redness 59 (12.7)
Skin wound 51 (10.9)
Skin scar 44 (9.4)
Others 10 (2.1)
I don’t know 118 (25.3)
Mode of transmission of CL Sand fly biting 60 (12.9)
Bites of mosquito & other flies 67 (14.4)
Autoinfection 15 (3.2)
Microorganisms 11 (2.4)
Direct skin contact 27 (5.8)
I don’t know 286 (61.4)
Period of CL incidence peak Winter 79 (17.0)
summer 164 (35.2)
Autumn 2 (0.4)
Spring 2 (0.4)
I don’t know 219 (47.0)
Treatment options of CL Herbal medicine 167 (35.8)
Chemotherapy 92 (19.7)
Cauterizing 10 (2.1)
Self-heal 5 (1.1)
Not treated 5 (1.1)
Others 2 (0.4)
I don’t know 185 (39.7)
Preventive measures of CL Treating patients 93 (20.0)
Eradicating vector 34 (7.3)
Isolating patients 18 (3.9)
Improving awareness 25 (5.4)
Others 11 (2.4)
I don’t know 285 (61.2)