Skip to main content

Table 4 Manifestations detected by echocardiography among patients with IDU-IE and non-IDU-IE

From: Patients with infective endocarditis and history of injection drug use in a Swedish referral hospital during 10 years

All manifestations IDU-IE
(n = 165 (100%))
Non-IDU-IE
(n = 287 (80%))
P value
Aortic valve vegetation 33 (20) 171 (48) <  0.01
Mitral valve vegetation 47 (28) 162 (45) <  0.01
Tricuspid valve vegetation 91 (55) 23 (6) <  0.01
Pulmonary valve vegetation 7 (4) 2 (1) <  0.01
CIED-associated IE 1 (1) 25 (7) < 0.01
Abscess 4 (2) 27 (8) 0.03
Multiple valve vegetations
 Aortic and mitral valve vegetation 11 (7) 31 (9) 0.43
 Aortic and tricuspid valve vegetation 5 (3) 3 (1)  
 Aortic and pulmonary valve vegetation 1 (1) 0 (0)  
 Mitral and tricuspid valve vegetation 5 (3) 5 (1)  
 Mitral and pulmonary valve vegetation 1 (1) 0 (0)  
 Tricuspid and pulmonary valve vegetation 4 (2) 1 (0)  
 CIED and tricuspid valve vegetation 0 (0) 6 (2)  
  1. Among the patients listed with, for instance, aortic valve vegetation, some patients had vegetations also on other valves and thus were listed also under the topic “multiple valve vegetations”. Significant P values are marked in bold font. Abbreviations: CIED cardiovascular implantable electronic device; IDU injection drug use, IE infective endocarditis