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Table 2 Prevalence of bacterial isolates among study participants

From: Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance profiles of respiratory microbial flora in African children with HIV-associated chronic lung disease

Bacterial species Nasopharyngeal swabs Sputum samples
CLD+ (n = 336) CLD- (n = 74) p CLD+ (n = 326) CLD- (n = 74) p
No. of isolates (%) No. of isolates (%)
S. pneumoniae 154 (46%) 19 (26%) 0.008 83 (25%) 17 (23%) 1
S. aureus 77 (23%) 9 (12%) 0.164 93 (29%) 21 (28%) 1
H. influenzae 40 (12%) 4 (5%) 0.576 12 (4%) 2 (3%) 1
M. catarrhalis 49 (15%) 2 (3%) 0.012 30 (9%) 4 (5%) 1
≥ 1 bacterial species 226 (67%) 29 (39%) < 0.001 161 (49%) 37 (50%) 1
  1. Fisher’s exact test used for comparison. Statistical significance: p-value<0.05. p-values adjusted using the Bonferroni method.