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Table 5 Factors associated with in-hospital mortality

From: Maximal diameter of liver abscess independently predicts prolonged hospitalization and poor prognosis in patients with pyogenic liver abscess

  Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
P value OR Lower
CI
Upper
CI
P value OR Lower CI Upper
CI
Age ≥ 65 years, vs < 65 0.046 1.63 1.25 29.88 0.969 0.963 0.146 6.341
Male sex 0.889 1.07 0.37 3.53     
Malignancy 0.006 4.59 1.48 13.52 0.120 3.581 0.717 17.892
Biliary disease 0.013 3.88 1.33 11.96 0.133 0.294 0.060 1.450
DM 0.569 0.69 0.15 2.23     
HTN 0.369 0.55 0.12 1.80     
Decreased mentality at admission 0.016 6.99 1.03 28.97 0.285 0.126 0.003 5.621
Shock at admission 0.131 3.28 0.50 12.78     
WBC ≥ 12,000 /mm3, at baseline 0.035 5.03 1.36 32.47 0.743 0.747 0.131 4.271
Hb < 10 mg/dL, at baseline 0.009 4.88 1.30 15.21 0.221 0.370 0.075 1.822
Na < 130 mmol/L, at baseline 0.405 1.73 0.39 5.69     
ALT ≥200 IU/L, at baseline 0.005 5.50 1.46 17.20 0.095 4.582 0.766 27.406
Albumin < 3 g/dL 0.002 5.700 1.942 16.734 0.061 4.284 0.937 19.591
hs-CRP ≥ 200 mg/L, at baseline 0.029 3.53 1.16 11.82 0.055 4.776 0.969 23.543
PCT ≥ 10 ng/mL, at baseline 0.069 7.73 1.12 152.44     
Non-single abscess lesion 0.044 2.99 1.01 8.85 0.109 0.293 0.065 1.312
Maximal abscess diameter (< 5 cm, 5 ~ 10 cm, ≥10 cm) 0.006 3.221 1.397 7.423 0.037 3.399 1.075 10.741
PCD insertion during admission 0.304 0.57 0.19 1.66     
PCD insertion within 3 days of admission 0.587 1.82 0.29 35.07     
Culture positive (blood or pus) 0.111 0.386 0.120 1.245     
Klebsiella pneumoniae isolation 0.254 0.473 0.131 1.711     
SIRS criteria at admission 0.078 1.54 0.94 2.50     
qSOFA score ≥ 2 at admission 0.005 10.40 1.50 45.28 0.566 0.358 0.011 11.968
AKI at admission < 0.001 22.708 6.212 83.016 0.001 12.023 2.639 54.786
  1. DM Diabetes mellitus, HTN Hypertension, WBC White blood cells, Hb Hemoglobin, Na Sodium, ALT Alanine aminotransferase, hs-CRP High sensitivity C-reactive protein, PCT Procalcitonin, PCD Percutaneous catheter drainage, SIRS Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, qSOFA Quick sepsis-related organ failure assessment, AKI Acute kidney injury, OR Odd ratio, CI Confidence interval
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