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Table 3 Prevalence of correct knowledge of TB transmission by individual and community characteristics MDHS 2015–16

From: Determinants of self-reported correct knowledge about tuberculosis transmission among men and women in Malawi: evidence from a nationwide household survey

Variable Over all n (%)
28,862 (100.00)
No n (%)
11,124 (38.54)
Yes n (%)
17,738 (61.46)
P-value
Individual-level factors
 Sex     <.0001
  Male 6937 (24.46) 2522 (22.67) 4415 (24.89)  
  Female 21,925 (75.96) 8602 (77.33) 13,323 (75.11)  
 Age (years)     <.0001
   < 25 11,729 (40.64) 4869 (43.77) 6860 (38.67)  
  25–34 8908 (30.86) 3202 (28.78) 5706 (32.17)  
  35–44 6067 (21.02) 2220 (19.96) 3847 (21.69)  
   ≥ 45 2158 (7.48) 833 (7.49) 1325 (7.47)  
 Educational level     <.0001
  No education 2651 (9.19) 1238 (11.13) 1413 (7.97)  
  Primary 17,094 (59.23) 7348 (66.06) 9746 (54.94)  
  Secondary or high 9117 (31.59) 2538 (22.82) 6579 (37.09)  
 Wealth index     <.0001
  Poorest 4570 (15.83) 2076 (18.66) 2494 (14.06)  
  Poorer 5028 (17.42) 2140 (19.24) 2888 (16.28)  
  Middle 5310 (18.40) 2154 (19.36) 3156 (17.79)  
  Richer 5907 (20.47) 2308 (20.75) 3599 (20.29)  
  Richest 8047 (27.88) 2446 (21.99) 5601 (31.58)  
 Religion     <.0001
  Roman catholic 5215 (18.07) 2020 (18.16) 3195 (18.01)  
  CCAP 4770 (16.53) 1680 (15.10) 3090 (17.42)  
  Anglican 1494 (5.18) 564 (5.07) 930 (5.24)  
  Seventh Day Adventist/Baptist 2170 (7.52) 716 (6.44) 1454 (8.20)  
  Other Christian 11,991 (41.55) 4946 (44.44) 7048 (39.73)  
  Muslim 2928 (10.14) 1081 (9.72) 1874 (10.41)  
  No religion/other 294 (1.02) 120 (1.08) 174 (0.98)  
 Marital status     0.5732
  Never in union 7101 (24.60) 2755 (24.77) 4346 (24.50)  
  Currently in union 14,443 (64.27) 7158 (64.35) 11,393 (64.23)  
  Formerly in union 2956 (11.12) 1211 (10.89) 1999 (11.27)  
 Amount of media exposure     <.0001
  0 10,122 (35.07) 4291 (38.57) 5831 (32.87)  
  1 8785 (30.44) 3563 (32.03) 5222 (29.44)  
  2 6145 (21.29) 2215 (19.91) 3930 (22.16)  
  3 3810 (13.20) 1055 (9.48) 2755 (15.53)  
 Occupation     <.0001
  Not working 8108 (28.09) 3094 (27.81) 5014 (28.27)  
  Professional/technical/managerial 1770 (6.11) 401 (3.60) 1369 (7.72)  
  Clerical/sales/services 2015 (6.98) 720 (6.47) 1295 (7.30)  
  Agricultural employee 11,149 (38.63) 4799 (43.14) 6350 (35.80)  
  Skilled manual 1135 (3.93) 384 (3.45) 751 (4.23)  
  Unskilled manual 4685 (16.23) 1726 (15.52) 2959 (16.68)  
 Tuberculosis can be cured     <.0001
  No 5385 (18.66) 2927 (26.31) 2458 (13.86)  
  Yes 23,477 (81.34) 8197 (73.69) 15,280 (86.14)  
Community-level factors
 Place of residence     <.0001
  Urban 6517 (22.58) 1925 (17.30) 4592 (25.89)  
  Rural 22,345 (77.42) 9199 (82.70) 13,146 (74.11)  
 Geographical region     <.0001
  Northern 5733 (19.86) 2671 (24.01) 3062 (17.26)  
  Central 10,146 (35.15) 4031 (36.24) 6115 (34.47)  
  Southern 12,983 (44.98) 4422 (39.74) 8561 (48.26)  
 Ethnicity     <.0001
  Chewa 8723 (30.22) 3558 (31.98) 5165 (29.12)  
  Tumbuka 3073 (10.65) 1361 (12.23) 1712 (9.65)  
  Lomwe 5379 (18.64) 1704 (15.32) 3675 (20.72)  
  Tonga 1124 (3.89) 554 (4.98) 570 (3.21)  
  Yao 3041 (10.54) 1080 (9.71) 1961 (11.06)  
  Sena 1248 (4.32) 461 (9.71) 787 (4.44)  
  Nkhonde 411 (1.42) 170 (1.53) 241 (1.36)  
  Ngoni 3707 (12.84) 1353 (12.16) 2354 (13.27)  
  Mang’anja 677 (2.35) 240 (2.16) 437 (2.46)  
  Nyanja 606 (2.10) 243 (2.18) 363 (2.05)  
  Other 873 (3.02) 400 (3.60) 473 (2.67)  
  1. TB tuberculosis, OR Odds Ratio, AOR adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval
  2. Frequency of reading newspaper or magazine, Frequency of listening to radio and frequency of watching television
  3. Composite measure of a household’s cumulative living standard
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