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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of outpatients attending a public tertiary medical center in southern Sri Lanka (N = 409)

From: Point-prevalence survey of outpatient antibiotic prescription at a tertiary medical center in Sri Lanka: opportunities to improve prescribing practices for respiratory illnesses

Characteristic n (%)
Age
  < 18 years 88 (21.6%)
 18–64 years 283 (69.5%)
  ≥ 65 years 37 (9.1%)
Gender
 Male 153 (37.6%)
 Female 254 (62.4%)
Education1
 No formal education 25 (6.1%)
  ≤ 11th grade 254 (62.3%)
12th grade or higher 129 (31.6%)
Chronic medical conditions2
 No chronic medical conditions 280 (68.6%)
 Hypertension 49 (12.0%)
 Hyperlipidemia 40 (9.8%)
 Asthma 39 (9.5%)
 Diabetes mellitus 31 (7.6%)
 Chronic kidney disease 3 (0.7%)
 Chronic liver disease 2 (0.5%)
Presenting symptom
 Cough 59 (14.5%)
 Musculoskeletal pain 55 (13.5%)
 Skin rash or boil 34 (8.4%)
 Rhinorrhea or nasal congestion 33 (8.1%)
 Fever 31 (7.6%)
 Wound 25 (6.1%)
 Abdominal pain 15 (3.7%)
 Chest pain 11 (2.7%)
 Numbness 11 (2.7%)
 Headache 10 (2.5%)
 Sore throat 10 (2.5%)
 Ear pain 7 (1.7%)
 Dysuria 6 (1.5%)
 Wheezing 5 (1.2%)
 Shortness of breath 4 (1.0%)
 Fatigue/lethargy 4 (1.0%)
 Bleeding 2 (0.5%)
 Enlarged lymph node 2 (0.5%)
 Medication refill 2 (0.5%)
 Other 81 (19.9%)
Previous evaluations for current illness2
 No previous evaluations 196 (47.9%)
 General practitioner 81 (19.8%)
 Outpatient Department 114 (27.9%)
 Traditional/Ayurvedic practitioner 9 (2.2%)
 Other healthcare provider 24 (5.9%)
Previously medicated for current illness2
 Non-prescription medication 66 (16.1%)
 Prescription medication 176 (43.0%)
 Traditional/herbal medicine 60 (14.7%)
 No previous medications 138 (33.7%)
  1. 1Highest attained education of surveyed respondents, comprising adult patients or parents/guardians accompanying pediatric patients
  2. 2Respondents were counted more than once if multiple categories applied
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