Skip to main content

Table 5 RDS-weighted associations between anti-trans stigma and (1) self-reported diagnoses of both depression and anxiety, or (2) current sex work among trans women in Nepal, 2019 (n = 200)

From: Population-based HIV prevalence, stigma and HIV risk among trans women in Nepal

  Self-reported diagnoses of both depression and anxiety Current sex work
aPR (95% CI) p-value aPR (95% CI) p-value
Internalized stigma
 Conformity to cisgender norms 1.04 (0.57–1.90) 0.89 0.96 (0.74–1.25) 0.78
 Hiding of gender identity from family 1.11 (0.49–2.52) 0.79 1.26 (0.93–1.69) 0.14
Anticipated stigma
 Belief that trans women are not accepted in Nepali society 0.87 (0.43–1.77) 0.70 1.36 (1.03–1.78) 0.03
 Belief that people think the participant is a criminal because they are trans 1.48 (0.62–3.54) 0.38 1.45 (1.02–2.07) 0.04
Experienced stigma
 Ever denied employment for being trans 1.84 (0.90–3.76) 0.09 1.94 (1.11–3.37) 0.02
 Ever arrested for being trans 0.98 (0.53–1.82) 0.96 2.35 (1.58–3.51) <  0.01
 Verbally abused for being trans 0.42 (0.20–0.87) 0.02 140.17 (13.61–1443.97) <  0.01
 Physically abused for being trans 0.76 (0.33–1.76) 0.52 8.62 (1.53–48.70)) 0.02
 Sexually abused for being trans 0.84 (0.42–1.68) 0.63 2.65 (1.22–5.74)) 0.01
  1. aPR Prevalence ratio adjusting for participant age, birthplace, educational attainment, monthly income, and caste, CI Confidence interval