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Table 3 Crude and RDS-weighted prevalence of internalized, anticipated, and experienced anti-trans stigma experienced by trans women in Nepal, 2019 (n = 200)

From: Population-based HIV prevalence, stigma and HIV risk among trans women in Nepal

  N Crude % RDS-weighted %, (95% CI)
Internalized stigma
 Conformity to cisgender norms 91 45.50 38.93 (29.83–48.86)
 Hiding of gender identity from family 178 89.00 87.86 (79.32–93.17)
Anticipated stigma
 Belief that trans women are not accepted in Nepali society 133 66.50 71.20 (61.25–79.45)
 Belief that people think the participant is a criminal because they are trans 152 76.00 72.32 (62.22–80.56)
Experienced stigma
 Ever denied employment for being trans 138 69.00 78.62 (68.93–85.91)
 Ever arrested for being trans 104 52.00 55.34 (45.14–65.11)
 Verbally abused for being trans 191 95.50 95.07 (87.20–98.20)
 Physically abused for being trans 181 90.50 86.36 (76.80–92.38)
 Sexually abused for being trans 168 84.00 77.37 (66.99–85.21)
  1. CI Confidence interval