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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with malaria at HCs in Gedeo zone, South Ethiopia, 2012–2019

From: Past eight-year malaria data in Gedeo zone, southern Ethiopia: trend, reporting-quality, spatiotemporal distribution, and association with socio-demographic and meteorological variables

Variable Suspected cases N (%) Confirmed n (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Sex
 Male 259,906 (53.54) 29,480 (11.34) 1.0 1.0
 Female 225,508 (46.46) 27,748 (12.30) 0.69 (0.73, 1.02) 1.02 (0.97, 1.08)
Age category
 < 5 109,302 (22.52) 15,116 (13.83) 1.0 1.0
 5–14 111,028 (22.87) 11,706 (10.54) 1.53 (1.42, 1.77)** 1.33 (1.29, 1.37)**
 15+ 265,084 (54.61) 30,406 (11.47) 2.31 (2.19, 2.61)** 2.00 (1.90, 2.11)**
District/urban center
 Yirgacheffe ruralH 49,684 5187 (10.44) 1.0 1.0
 Dilla townL 137,860 18,150 (13.17) 4.87 (3.55, 6.02)** 3.16 (2.11, 4.22)**
 Dilla zuriaL 119,207 12,588 (10.56) 2.56 (2.17, 2.73)** 2.30 (1.82, 2.78)**
 WonagoH 71,689 7427 (10.36) 1.86 (1.72, 1.95)* 1.40 (1.21, 1.60)*
 Yirgacheffe townH 60,531 6271 (10.36) 0.33 (0.09, 1.65) 0.24 (0.07, 1.42)
 KochoreH 46,443 7605 (16.37) 1.45 (1.14, 1.69)** 1.59 (1.20, 1.98)**
  1. % of confirmed: percentage (n/N*100)
  2. L: districts at low altitude (< 1750 masl); H: districts at high altitude (1750–2500 masl)
  3. *significant difference of p < 0.05, **significant difference at p < 0.001
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