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Table 2 Physiological parameters on day 1 of admission to ICU in patients with diabetes and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) compared to patients with no diabetes and MERS

From: Critically ill patients with diabetes and Middle East respiratory syndrome: a multi-center observational study

Variables Diabetes
N = 179
No Diabetes
N = 171
P-value
Respiratory parameters on ICU day 1, median (Q1, Q3)
 PaO2 (mmHg) 65.1 (56.0, 79.0) 71.0 (60.2, 86.4) 0.01
 SaO2 (%) 92.0 (87.0, 95.0) 93.5 (90.0, 95.0) 0.004
 FiO2, 0.7 (0.45, 1.0) 0.6 (0.45, 1.00) 0.24
 PaO2/FiO2 ratio 98.0 (64.0, 160.0) 122.6 (73.4, 187.5) 0.02
Extrapulmonary parameters on ICU day 1, median (Q1, Q3)
 Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 70.0 (61.0, 83.0) 70.0 (60.0, 80.0) 0.72
 Leukocyte (×  109/L) 7.90 (4.50, 11.60) 6.80 (4.20, 11.20) 0.31
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 10.4 (9.0, 12.50) 11.0 (8.5, 13.0) 0.48
 Hematocrit 33.0 (28.55, 38.50) 35.0 (28.0, 40.0) 0.24
 Platelets (×109/L) 188.0 (117.0, 253.0) 168.5 (113.0, 253.0) 0.32
 Glucose (mmol/L) 12.1 (9.9, 16.1) 8.5 (6.5, 11.6) < 0.0001
 Blood urea nitrogen (mmol/L) 12.0 (7.3, 20.8) 9.1 (4.1, 16.9) 0.0002
 Creatinine (μmol/L) 141.4 (91.0, 327.0) 114.9 (67.0, 217.0) 0.0004
 Bilirubin (μmol/L) 12.3 (7.8, 23.7) 12.0 (7.8, 22.9) 0.86
  1. PaO2 partial pressure of oxygen, SaO2 Oxygen saturation, FiO2 Fraction of inspired oxygen, PaO2 FiO2 ratio, the ratio of the partial pressure of oxygen to the fraction of inspired oxygen, ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate transaminase, Q1 first quartile, Q3 third quartile
  2. Data on variables were not available for some patients; the number of patients with missing data in the Diabetes group and the No diabetes group, respectively, were as follows: PaO2: 5 patients and 3 patients, SaO2: 3 patients and 3 patients, FiO2: 8 patients and 17 patients, PaO2: FiO2 ratio: 9 patients and 19 patients, MAP: 5 patients and 5 patients, Leukocyte: 5 patients and 9 patients, Hemoglobin: 5 patients and 10 patients, Hematocrit:7 patients, and 9 patients, Platelets: 6 patients and 5 patients, Glucose: 23 patients and 26 patients, Blood urea: 8 patients and 9 patients, Creatinine:4 patients and 2 patients, Bilirubin level: 22 patients and 23 patients