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Table 4 Compliance with infection control guidelines in type of RCHs (subsidized and private RCHs) and location (common area and bedroom area)

From: Observational study of compliance with infection control practices among healthcare workers in subsidized and private residential care homes

  Overall, n(%) Subsidized RCHs, n(%) Private RCHs, n(%) t-test, p value Common areas, n(%) Bedroom areas, n(%) t-test, p value
Hand hygiene     t = 1.65, p = 0.10    t = 0.74, p = 0.92
 Missing 1942 (85.03) 1026 (83.35) 916 (86.99)   881 (84.87) 1061 (85.5)  
 Performed 294 (12.87) 183 (4.87) 111 (10.54)   136 (13.1) 158 (12.68)  
 Well performed 48 (2.10) 22 (1.79) 26 (2.47)   21 (2.02) 27 (2.70)  
Use of gloves     t = −6.81, p < 0.001    t = −3.84, p < 0.001
 Missing 13 (1.82) 6 (1.95) 5 (1.23)   3 (1.05) 10 (2.34)  
 Improperly performed 556 (77.87) 235 (76.55) 321 (78.87)   240 (83.62) 316 (74.00)  
 Properly performed 145 (20.31) 66 (21.5) 81 (19.9)   44 (15.33) 101 (23.65)  
Respiratory protection     t = 4.74,
p < 0.001
   t = −1.841.84,
p = 0.06
 Missing 726 (31.79) 338 (27.46) 390 (37.04)   351 (33.82) 375 (30.1)  
 Improperly performed 14 (0.61) 13 (1.06) 1 (0.09)   5 (0.48) 9 (0.72)  
 Properly performed 1544 (67.6) 880 (71.49) 662 (62.87)   682 (65.7) 862 (69.8)  
  1. n = total numbers of observed infection control practice episodes
  2. % = percentage of compliance in each of the total number of observed infection control practice episodes
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