Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison of cytological diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathy between patients with and without HIV infection

From: Analysis of the causes of cervical lymphadenopathy using fine-needle aspiration cytology combining cell block in Chinese patients with and without HIV infection

DiagnosisHIV positive patients(cases)HIV negative patients(cases)TotalP valueP value a
Benign lesions
 Reactive lymphoid hyperplasia131(28.9%)51(37.5%)1820.0580.232
 Non-specific inflammation90(19.9%)26(19.1%)1160.8470.397
 Suppurative lymphadenitis11(2.4%)8(5.9%)190.0460.282
 Granulomatous lymphadenitis5(1.1%)050.2190.995
 Kikuchi disease1(0.2%)1(0.7%)20.3640.726
 Opportunistic infections190(41.9%)17(12.5%)2070.000< 0.001
 Mycobacterial infection174(38.4%)17(12.5%)1910.000< 0.001
 Tuberculosis155(34.2%)17(12.5%)1720.000< 0.001
 Nontuberculous mycobacteria19(4.2%)0(4.2%)190.0150.996
 Cryptococcosis7(1.5%)070.145 
 Talaromyces marneffei7(1.5%)070.145 
 Other fungus2(0.4%)020.438 
 Epidermal inclusion cyst2(0.4%)4(2.9%)60.0110.008
 Lipoma1(0.2%)010.5830.994
 Vascular lesions01(0.7%)10.0680.993
Malignant lesions
 lymphoma12(2.6%)9(6.6%)210.0290.296
 Hodgkin lymphoma1(0.2%)010.583 
 Non Hodgkin lymphoma11(2.4%)9(6.6%)200.0180.223
 Kaposi’s sarcoma4(0.9%)040.2720.996
 Metastatic carcinoma3(0.7%)19(14%)220.000< 0.001
 squamous cell carcinoma3(0.7%)12(8.8%)150.0000.003
 adenocarcinoma03(2.2%)30.0020.993
 small cell carcinoma03(2.2%)30.0020.993
 hepatocellular carcinoma01(0.7%)10.068 
Unsatisfactory aspirates3(0.7%)030.3410.996
Total453136589 
  1. aP-value adjusted for age and sex by logistic regression