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Table 3 Subgroup analysis of drug resistance by type of otitis media

From: Bacterial otitis media in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Bacterial isolateType of otitis media, prevalence % (95% CI)
Patients with CSOMPatients with OMPediatric patients OM
Pooled prevalence (%)No of studyI2 (%)Pooled prevalence (%)No of studyI2 (%)Pooled prevalence (%)No of studyI2 (%)
Ampicillin70(54–86)898.5669(48–90)799.0994(91–98)2 
Cotrimoxazole63(47–80)798.0341(11–72)699.5890(78–100)3 
Amoxicillin62(37–87)598.7885(81–89)2 
Ceftazidime52(28–76)497.097(1–16)3 57(47–66)1 
Chloramphenicol32(21–48)895.9825(13–38)697.8755(45–64)1 
Ciprofloxacin19(12–25)1094.3616(9–24)694.2334(12–56)3 
Gentamycin23(15–31)1196.5426(13–40)698.2555(34–75)492.92
Amoxicillin- Clavulanic acid53(32–74)798.7647(8–86)499.4861(13–100)499.59
Erythromycin41(16–66)698.9138(6–71)599.4381(68–93)3 
Cefuroxime64(60–69)2 17(14–20)2 60(27–93)498.08
Ceftriaxone32(18–46)897.7318(10–26)591.7175(58–92)492.19
Tetracycline37(10–63)498.8520(6–35)3 98(88–100)1