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Table 3 Characteristics of study participants in Southern Province, Zambia, 2016–2018

From: Acceptability and feasibility of testing for HIV infection at birth and linkage to care in rural and urban Zambia: a cross-sectional study

 Livingstone CityChoma TownMacha Areap-value
Hospital (n = 485)Urban Health Centers (n = 305)Hospital (n = 63)Urban Health Center (n = 38)Hospital (n = 190)Rural Health Centers (n = 209)
Mother’s age in years – median (IQR)30 (24, 34)28 (24, 32)26 (22, 33)27 (23, 33)32 (23, 37)29 (24, 35)0.0006
Mother’s education, n (%)      < 0.0001
 None/primary105 (21.7)77 (25.3)21 (33.3)16 (42.1)110 (57.9)119 (56.9) 
 Secondary309 (63.7)208 (68.2)39 (61.9)19 (50.0)68 (35.8)85 (40.7) 
 More than high school70 (14.4)18 (5.9)3 (4.8)1 (2.6)7 (3.7)4 (1.9) 
 Unknown1 (0.2)2 (0.7)02 (5.3)5 (2.6)1 (0.5) 
Father’s education, n (%)      < 0.0001
 None/primary16 (3.3)16 (5.3)14 (22.2)3 (7.9)62 (32.6)68 (32.5) 
 Secondary294 (60.6)208 (68.2)39 (61.9)26 (68.4)73 (38.4)102 (48.8) 
 More than high school111 (22.9)49 (16.1)5 (7.9)5 (13.2)13 (6.8)8 (3.8) 
 Unknown64 (13.2)32 (10.5)5 (7.9)4 (10.5)42 (22.1)31 (14.8) 
Mother received drugs for PMTCT, n (%)445 (91.8)265 (86.9)46 (73.0)29 (76.3)169 (89.0)195 (93.3)< 0.0001
Child’s age in hours – median (IQR)11 (5, 21)5 (2, 10)20 (12, 68)5 (3, 10)17 (9, 25)10 (5, 15)< 0.0001
Child sex – female, n (%)230 (47.4)164 (53.8)29 (46.0)13 (34.2)109 (57.4)107 (51.2)0.05
Returning to study location for post-natal care, n (%)22 (4.5)168 (55.1)2 (3.2)35 (92.1)74 (39.0)187 (89.5)< 0.0001
Mother has access to a cell phone, n (%)373 (76.9)234 (76.7)48 (76.2)26 (68.4)115 (60.5)135 (64.9)< 0.0001