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Table 2 Willingness to enroll and participate in birth testing in Southern Province, Zambia, 2016–2018

From: Acceptability and feasibility of testing for HIV infection at birth and linkage to care in rural and urban Zambia: a cross-sectional study

 Livingstone CityChoma TownMacha Area
HospitaldUrban Health CentersHospitalUrban Health CenterHospitalRural Health Centers
Number of pregnant women living with HIV approached to participate in the study5133157039256210
Number of women agreed to participatea485 (94.5)305 (96.8)63 (90.0)38 (97.4)190 (74.2)209 (99.5)
Number of women declineda28 (5.5)10 (3.2)7 (10.0)1 (2.6)66 (25.8)1 (0.5)
Reasons declinedb,c
 Doesn’t want child tested at birth10 (35.7/1.9)4 (40.0/1.3)5 (71.4/7.1)1 (100.0/2.6)21 (31.8/8.2)0
 Prefers child to be tested at post-natal clinic001 (14.3/1.4)010 (15.2/3.9)0
 Prefers not to participate in research11 (39.3/2.1)4 (40.0/1.3)1 (14.3/1.4)05 (7.6/2.0)1 (100.0/.5)
 Prefers not to have extra blood drawn02 (20.0/0.6)0000
 Needs to ask husband’s permission/Husband refused4 (14.3/0.8)1 (10.0/0.3)0026 (39.4/10.2)0
 Mother in a hurry to get home00005 (7.6/2.0)0
 Other/unknown3 (10.7/0.6)1 (10.0/0.3)001 (1.5/0.4)0
  1. a Numbers represent n (% among women approached)
  2. b Multiple reasons could be specified
  3. c Numbers represent n (% among women who declined / among all women approached)
  4. d Birth testing was a routine procedure at the hospital in Livingstone; at all other sites, birth testing was performed as a study procedure