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Table 4 Cause of death and GCS level on admission. Data was available for 82 of 84 patients. The no. of patients presenting with a GCS < 9 was significantly higher among patients dying from CNS complications than among patients dying from systemic complications (p = 0.011)

From: The cause of death in bacterial meningitis

 GCS < 9GCS 9–12GCS 13–14GCS 15
Data available for 82 of 84 patients30 of 82 (37%)29 of 82 (35%)16 of 82 (20%)7 of 82 (9%)
1. CNS complications17 of 30 (57%)9 of 29 (31%)7 of 16 (44%)2 of 7 (29%)
 Brain herniation4301
 Brain infarct1310
 Brain haemorrhage1000
 Intractable seizures2121
 Global brain injury /unresponsive7040
 CNS complications not further specified2200
2. Systemic complications6 of 30 (20%)15 of 29 (52%)8 of 16 (50%)4 of 7 (57%)
 Circulatory failure /septic shock2623
 Respiratory failure0520
 Other organ failure0120
 Systemic complications not futher specified4321
3. Combined CNS and systemic causes2 of 30 (7%)0 of 39 (0%)1 of 16 (6%)0 of 7 (0%)
4. Sudden unexpected death3 of 30 (10%)2 of 29 (7%)0 of 16 (0%)0 of 7 (0%)
5. Withdrawel of care2 of 30 (7%)1 of 29 (7%)0 of 16 (0%)1 of 7 (14%)
6. Unable to determine cause of death0 of 30 (0%)2 of 29 (7%)0 of 16 (0%)0 of 7 (0%)