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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the patients

From: Different macrophage polarization between drug-susceptible and multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis

CharacteristicMDR-TB/XDR-TB
(n = 98)
DS-TB
(n = 24)
P value
Male sex, n (%)52 (53.1)17 (70.8)0.115
Age, mean ± SD, yr35.4 ± 10.148.9 ± 12.6< 0.001
Use of anti-TB drugs before surgery, n (%)
 Initial surgery without anti-TB drugs0 (0)16 (66.7) 
 First-line → surgery1 (1.1)a8 (33.3) 
 Second-line → surgery97 (98.9)0 (0) 
Drug-sensitivity test, n (%)98 (100)24 (100) 
 All sensitive0 (0)24 (100) 
 Multidrug-resistant65 (66.3)0 (0) 
 Extensively drug-resistant33 (33.7)0 (0) 
  1. MDR-TB Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, XDR-TB Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, DS-TB Drug-susceptible tuberculosis, SD Standard deviation
  2. a This patient was operated on without using second-line drugs after multidrug-resistant tuberculosis was diagnosed following long-term use of isoniazid, rifampicin, and ethambutol for relapsed tuberculosis