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Table 3 Clinical presentations of patients with gram-negative pathogen and gram-positive pathogen associated monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis patients

From: Predictors for gram-negative monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis in southern Taiwan

VariableGram-negative pathogen (n = 55)Gram-positive pathogen (n = 45)P-value
Fever (> 38 °C)19 (34.5)13 (28.9)0.546
Tachycardiaa32 (58.2)21 (46.7)0.251
Tachypneab24 (43.6)5 (11.1)< 0.001*
Shockc25 (45.5)5 (11.1)< 0.001*
Erythema51 (92.7)42 (93.3)0.906
Swelling51 (92.7)41 (91.1)0.767
Local hot48 (87.3)42 (93.3)0.315
Pain or tenderness55 (100)45 (100)1.000
Bullous lesions28 (50.9)14 (31.1)0.066
Skin necrosis10 (18.2)4 (8.9)0.183
  1. Data was presented as mean (standard deviation) or frequency (%)
  2. *: p-value < 0.05
  3. aTachycardia: heart beat > 100/min, bTachypnea: respiratory rate >  20/min, cShock: systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg