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Table 6 Factors associated with overall HIV positivity among exposed infants in Public Hospitals of Mekelle city, Tigray, Ethiopia (N = 558)

From: HIV testing, test results and factors influencing among infants born to HIV positive mothers in public hospitals of Mekelle City, North Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

VariableCategoryCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Place of residenceUrban11
Rural3.27(1.30, 8.24) *4.00(1.23, 13.04) *
Had ANC follow upYes11
No3.62(1.00, 13.17) *2.06(0.35, 12.11)
Mother on ART on entry to PMTCT cohortYes11
No2.10(0.46, 9.53)2.56(0.36, 17.98)
Mothers WHO clinical stageStage I / II11
Stage III / IV3.31(0.91, 12.02)2.14(0.47, 9.87)
Current CD4 count of mothers≥500 mm311
< 500 mm31.63(0.64, 4.18)1.83(0.61, 5.50)
Mothers adherence statusGood11
Fair2.52(0.94, 6.75)1.76(0.57, 5.47)
Poor8.71(2.05, 37.10) *1.04(0.07, 16.06)
Provision of postpartum family planningYes11
No0.49(0.19, 1.29)0.45(0.13, 1.53)
Mode of deliveryC/Section11
SVD1.68(0.48, 5.83)2.10(0.49, 9.01)
Infants birth weightNormal birth-weight11
Low birth-weight6.27(2.52, 15.58) *5.64(2.00,16.71) *
Infants feeding practiceEFF11
EBF0.79(0.25, 2.79)1.17(0.24, 5.76)
Infants ARV prophylaxis (NVP syrup) givenYes11
No4.55(1.47, 14.52) *4.70(1.15, 19.11) *
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio *Significant association CI Confidence interval