Skip to main content


Table 2 Factors associated with HBV testing in HIV-infected patients using multilevel logistic regressions

From: Hepatitis B testing, treatment, and virologic suppression in HIV-infected patients in Cameroon (ANRS 12288 EVOLCAM)

 HBsAg testedUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis
n(%)OR95% CIpAdjusted OR95% CIp
 Men103(23.2%)1.00  1.00  
 Women199(15.7%)0.590.43–0.79< 0.0010.640.46–0.890.010
School educational level
 Lower than secondary76(12.8%)1.00  1.00  
 Secondary or higher226(20.4%)1.531.11–2.110.0101.381.02–1.900.042
Living below poverty linea
Use of razor blade or clipper of another person
Time of ART initiation
 Prior to 2010101(14.5%)1.00  1.00  
 2010 or after201(19.9%)1.451.12–1.880.0051.661.23–2.27< 0.001
ALT level (per 10 IU/L increase)  1.121.06–1.18< 0.0011.261.15–1.39< 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: ART antiretroviral therapy, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, ALT Alanine aminotransferase
  2. a Household monthly income < 28,310 Francs CFA, approximately 43 Euros
  3. The following characteristics were not associated with HBV testing: age; residence setting; marital status; paid activity; household monthly income; number of meals per day; HIV clinical stage at ART initiation; CD4 cell count; HIV viral load; AST level; body mass index; hospitalization in the previous 3 months; consultation of a traditional healer in the previous 3 months; history of incarceration; scarification, tattoo or piercings; number of sexual partners during lifetime; beer consumption; journey time to arrive at study hospital; region, setting and administrative sector of study hospital; type of HIV service; task-shifting of ART prescription renewals or follow-up consultations to nurses