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Table 2 Laboratory characteristics and association with positive serology

From: Schistosoma and Strongyloides screening in migrants initiating HIV Care in Canada: a cross sectional study

Characteristic Number (%) Positive Schistosoma serology Positive Strongyloides serology
Number (%) OR (95% CI) p-value Number (%) OR (95% CI) p-value
CD4 count cells/mm3
  < 200 53 (21.12) 15 (28.30) 2.46 (1.02–5.92) 0.046 3 (5.66) 1.60 (0.26–7.32) 0.731#
 200–350 55 (21.91) 11 (20.00) 1.8 (.71–4.57) 0.217 3 (5.46) 1.56 (.25–7.14) 0.757#
 350–500 65 (25.90) 10 (15.39) 1.06 (.42–2.69) 0.901 1 (1.54) 0.32 (.0070–2.35) 0.45#
  > 500 78 (31.08) 11 (14.10) 1.00 (referent) 3 (3.85) .94 (.15–4.28) 1.00#
Viral load
 Suppressed 123 (48.62) 18 (14.63) 1.00 (referent) 5 (4.07) 1.00 (referent)
 Not suppressed 130 (51.38) 29 (22.31) 1.59 (0.83–3.07) 0.162 6 (4.62) 1.12 (0.33–3.79) 0.853
Stool analysis
 Negative for parasites 103 (88.03) 17 (16.51) 0.54 (.14–2.65) 0.52# 5 (4.85) 0.68 (.068–34.46) 1.00#
 Positive schisto/strongy 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00)
 Positive for other parasites* 14 (11.97) 4 (28.57) 1.85 (.38–7.43) 0.52# 1 (7.14) 1.47 (.029–14.75) 1.00#
Urinalysis
 Hematuria 31 (13.42) 8 (25.81) 1.48 (.61–3.60) 0.382 N/A N/A N/A
 No hematuria 200 (86.58) 37 (18.50) 1.00 (referent) N/A N/A N/A
Eosinophilia > 0.7x109cells/L
 No eosinophilia 226 (92.24) 38 (16.81) 1.00 (referent) 5 (2.21) .089 (.017–.49) 0.0055#
 Eosinophilia 19 (7.76) 7 (36.84) 3.56 (1.25–10.16) 0.018 4 (21.05) 11.31 (2.03–58.94) 0.0055#
Eosinophilia ≥0.5x109cells/L
 No eosinophilia 214 (84.58) 36 (16.82) 1.00 (referent)   4 (1.87) 0.10 (.019–0.51) 0.0045#
 Eosinophilia 31 (12.65) 9 (29.03) 2.44 (1.01–5.91) 0.048 5 (16.13) 9.73 (1.96–52.33) 0.0045#
  1. N total = 253. The number of observations are listed for each category with percentage in brackets. Positive refers to all non-negative serology results. #Exact logistic regression was used for analyses with cell counts less than 5. Odds ratios (ORs) are listed for each comparison with 95% confidence intervals (CI) in brackets. Bolded CIs and p-values are statistically significant. *Other parasites included B. hominis D. fragilis.